What Does Specific Learning Difficulties Mean and What Are its Symptoms ?
A specific learning difficulty (SpLd) is a difference or difficulty with some particular aspects of learning. The most common SpLd’s are Dyslexia, Dyspraxia, Attention Deficit Disorder/ Attention Deficit (Hyperactivity) Disorder, Dyscalculia and Dysgraphia..
Specific Learning Difficulties are not a disease or illness which can be cured, but a genetic condition. It is a life long condition which may impact on the ability of an individual to learn. They affect a learners ability to spell, listen, write, spatial awareness & time, memory and motor control.
The Greek prefix,”Dys” means difficulty and “lexia” is a Latin word meaning reading, so Dyslexia is a difficulty with reading, Dyspraxia is a difficulty with planning and motor tasks, such as handwriting, copying,coordination, language problems, and sometimes a difficulty with thought and perception. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder means a learner may have difficulty with attention, concentration and controlling. Dysgraphia affects the ability of a learner to write coherently, who may also suffer with a painful pencil grip, difficulty with line spacing, margins, letter, word spacing and spelling.
Specific Learning difficulties are different from physical disabilities or disorders because they are hidden from sight and what we see are the outward signs or behaviour which reflects how the individual responds to an inability to learn using traditional or rote learning.
What makes specific learning difficulties so hard to understand, is the fact that these learners may be articulate, well spoken, knowledgeable, intelligent and are creative, excellent problem solvers and are capable of seeing the bigger picture.
With the appropriate teaching approaches, these individuals can learn and excel, but it is very important to identify these learners early and intervene with appropriate teaching methods. PECM is strategically positioned to dynamically serve these learners in overcoming specific learning difficulties.