What Is Progressive Applied Behaviour Analysis and How can it help my child with Autism ?
Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is a scientifically validated teaching approach that gives us a better understanding of how children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) learn. ABA is an applied science devoted to developing procedures which will produce observable changes in behaviour. The process consists of studying behavior in order to put into place appropriate behavioral interventions. In order to change a behaviour, it is important to understand the purpose and function of the behaviour.
ABA was developed out of the doctoral research of two PHD students and behaviour scientist Ole’ Ivar Lovaas in the 1960’s. It has since gone through changes which improves the outcomes for students, so it is now referred to as Progressive ABA. Progressive ABA empowers teachers by allowing them to make instant changes in areas they feel the may speed up the learning process.
A Registered Behaviour Technician (RBT) is a person who uses ABA as a form of treatment or teaching approach.
Progressive ABA uses a great deal of positive reinforcement in order to increase desirable behaviors and improve the skills of the child, through the use of a Token Economy system. A token economy system is a method used to try and reinforce (increase) the frequency of a target behaviour e.g. eye contact. The tokens or symbols are provided to the student when the target behaviour is performed. The tokens can then be exchanged by the child for other types of reinforcement e.g. bubbles, treats.
ABA utilises Harvard Professor B. .F Skinner’s theory of “Operant Conditioning” which is a method of learning that employs rewards and sanctions for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association or link is made between a behavior and a consequence (whether negative or positive) for that behaviour. Skinner believed that changes in behaviour are the result of an individual’s response to events (stimuli) that occur in the environment and reinforcement is the key element in change.
Our ABA curriculum focuses on skill development for present and future learning and the socialisation process, which is essential for effective communication in the widest sense. For this reason, it is critically important for parents and caregivers to follow our instructions at home when dealing with children to maximise the effectiveness of the program.
Our ABA Curriculum addresses seven critical domains of focus:
- Language – Speech production, vocabulary, ideas, comprehension, describing, thinking
process and communication
- Behaviour- Self-control, frustration tolerance, patience, increasing participation, following instructions, rule-following,understanding expectations & increasing flexibility
- Learning How To Learn- Understanding advanced reinforcement, learning from feedback, self-management, attention & concentration, imitation skills, observational learning & short term memory, problem-solving & reasoning
- Self-Help- Self-care, hygiene and safety, community skills, following daily routines
- Play- Independent, social & imaginative play
- Social- Social awareness, relatedness, communication, interactions & learning
- Group- Basic group readiness, following instructions, facilitating social interactions and routines
Full time students receive the ABA curriculum tailored to their needs and with the following subjects; English, Math, Science, Myanmar, Art, Music, PE & Swimming and Yoga. Places are limited so call today !